Maintenance
THESE GUIDELINES ARE NOT COMPREHENSIVE AS CLIMATE AND SOIL CONDITIONS VARY GREATLY
MOWING
WATERING
FERTILIZER
INSECTS
DISEASE
SPRING
Mow 0.5”-2” (1” is optimal) with standard rotary or reel mower every 5-7 days during active growing season. Vertical mowing may be performed to renovate. Shorter heights require regular and more frequent mowing.
Water requirements are greatly dependent on soil type, season, geography and other factors.  Ensure irrigation systems are working properly and covering all areas.  Make routine observations of the landscape and learn the signs (i.e., wilting) that indicate when irrigation is required. Shaded areas and heavy soils require less water than full-sun areas and sandy soils.  Infrequent deep watering maximizes drought resistance and tolerance.  Early morning hours are the optimal time to irrigate.  Night time watering is not suggested.
Perform soil tests to understand your soil type(s) and condition and best determine your specific needs.  Make routine observations and fertilize according to what you see.  Understand which and how much fertilizer you are applying. Avoid disease and insect inducing growth flushes by reducing Nitrogen (N) rates.  Higher N rates should only be applied in the spring, for injury recovery, or for planned “peaking”.  Improve color and limit growth surges by using iron sources.  Apply lower rates of N in the summer and fall.  Use Bethel Farms SOD GROTM products when available (www.sodgro.com for where to buy).
For any insecticide application, always read and follow label directions carefully.  Early identification and treatment of insect stress minimizes inputs and injury.  Make routine observations of the landscape being aware of seasonal pests like Army and Webworms.  Control these with Sevin, Orthene, Diazinon or Permethrin-based products.  Grubs can reduce quality if critical populations are reached.
For any fungicide application, always read and follow label directions carefully. Early identification and treatment of disease stress minimizes inputs and injury.  Make routine observations of the landscape being aware of unusual symptoms.  Consider a broad-spectrum fungicide application if predictable seasonal problems are noted. Effective fungicides include Daconil, Bayleton, Banner, Heritage and Compass.
SUMMER
FALL
Mow 0.5”-2” (1” is optimal) with standard rotary or reel mower every 10-14 days or as needed during cooler weather.  Vertical mowing may be performed to renovate. Shorter heights require regular and more frequent mowing.
WINTER